Only 3.7% of the world’s marine environment falls within the category of least adversely impacted upon by humans. These oceans are restricted to the polar Arctic and Antarctic regions and northern Australia including the Kimberley. Together, these three regions comprise the planet’s last great marine wildernesses. Remote and pristine, the Kimberley marine region is a place of unique natural extremes and unparallel intrinsic beauty and the Kimberley is the planet's last great tropical marine wilderness.
The Kimberley bioregion represents one of Earth’s most intact large tropical marine ecosystems. Accordingly, the region is highly productive and supports an abundant and diverse array of species, many of which are of particular biological, cultural and commercial value. Furthermore, a comparatively high degree of biological integrity remains throughout. The coastline features dominant mangrove, salt marsh and intertidal sand and mud flats as well as an expanse of over 2,600 islands including the Buccaneer and Bonaparte Archipelagos. The Kimberley’s land-sea interface is dramatic and complex and incorporates a particularly extensive intertidal zones as well as sheer sandstone cliffs, rock, sand and estuarine beaches and near-shore seagrass meadows, fringing coral reefs and sponge gardens.
These habitats have high species richness and host copious marine communities including cnidarians, molluscs, crustaceans and other invertebrates as well as fish, marine turtles, cetaceans, dugongs, crocodiles, manta rays and birds.
The tropical monsoon climate of the coastal Kimberley is characterised by a distinct wet and dry season. The wet summer season runs from November to April and features high humidity, ambient temperatures, wind and rainfall events as well as sporadic tropical storm and cyclone activity. The dry season spans from May to October and presents consistently cooler, drier conditions with less frequent extreme weather events. Click for current weather data at Cygnet Bay